Depending on the jurisdiction, the trial will be presided over by either a Justice of the Peace or a Provincial Court Judge. The former wears green sashes and is addressed as Your Worship; the latter wears red and is addressed as Your Honour. Borys suggests sticking with Your Honour if you're stuck since that's less likely to offend, and says that bowing when entering and leaving the area at the front of the court is proper decorum. Also, the court clerk will give you cues to stand when appropriate.

"Always stand when addressing the judge and speak loudly and clearly, not only for their benefit, but for the benefit of the court reporter. A trial really loses its flow when people constantly have to be asked to repeat themselves," Borys explains. "Address your remarks to the judge, rather than the crown prosecutor (i.e. speak in the judge's direction). Remember, it is them you have to convince with your arguments, not the prosecutor. Plus, judges sometimes get irritated when opposing counsel start a conversation or an argument between themselves as if the judge has been forgotten."